Six Steps of Cutting Gems

Often referred to as faceting, gem cutting has been practiced for many centuries. Taking a rough gem and turning that into a master piece requires some skill and here’s what the experts do.

  • Step 1: Type of gem determines the type of cut. A well cut gems value is based on its facet and that enhances its clarity, height and shape.
  • Step 2: Over year’s exact cuts for each type has been developed through cutting practices. One needs to research these cutting styles before attempting a cut. Knowledge and skills can be enhanced through attending a cutting class, watching how masters do and even following some simple methods published online.
  • Step 3: Using a grinder or faceting machines grinds the outer layer to remove rough parts, difficult angels, odd shapes and others. This will allow a person to get the gem to the desired size.
  • Step 4: In order to hold the gem for cutting and polishing, small drop of dop wax is attached to the dop stick and attached the gem. Make sure the mounting side is the base which is the waxed end.
  • Step 5: Using a chosen shape start grinding the gem.
  • Step 6: Final step involves polishing the cut gem. Using soft cloth with a metal oxide solution gently polish away the gem until it sparkle.